True or false quiz | Business & Finance homework help

True or False
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1. People are rational economic actors motivated solely by self-interest.
2. Deontology is a moral theory that emphasizes one’s duty to a particular action because it is inherently correct.
3. Most people expect fair play in their interactions and will even forgo economic benefits in order to maintain a fair system.
4. An organization can be convicted of a crime even if only one employee breaks the law.
5. Absolute good is a concept most aligned with utilitarianism.
6. The more a firm demands unquestioning obedience to authority, the more likely the firm will experience higher levels of unethical conduct among employees.
7. Key elements of the shared community worldview imperative include the exhortation to create a common body of knowledge, the destruction of social institutions, and realignment when society veers too far from the worldview.
8. Traditionally, European colonizers believed cultural relativism was legitimate.
9. According to Aristotle’s theory relation to habits of character, one should be judged by one’s “great actions.”
10. Utilitarianism suggests that an action is morally correct when it produces more total utility for the individual.
11. Ethical issues are always legal issues.
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12. Our forms the basis for all of our normative and factual judgments, and it is inseparably linked to our ability to value.
13. accept the benefits of society, do not contribute, but expect others to carry the cost.
14. visions of the world focus on the best of all possible situations that could occur, regardless of human nature or historical fact, while models challenge us to be good in the realistic possibilities of the world.
15. In the people assert culturally based preferences that are not functionally tied to the phenomena they are describing.
16. The would not want to include God in an ethical theory.
17. can also be called agent-based ethics.
18. The rights of are overlooked by Utilitarianism.
19. A imperative shows the consequent depending on the antecedent, while a imperative is a command that depends only upon itself.
Multiple Choice
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20. Which of the following is true?
a) Fines applied by the US Sentencing Commission have decreased on average since 1990.
b) Only the presence of a code of ethics in the organization is necessary to meet the US Sentencing Commission’s idea of an effective compliance program.
c) The US Sentencing Commission allows prosecutors to assess the quality of an organization’s compliance program in order to determine appropriate penalties.
d) The 1987 sentencing guidelines mandated incarceration for only the worst felony offenders.
21. The ______ ________ tradition in the West became increasingly dominant in the 17th and 18th centuries.
a) moral contractarianism
b) original position
c) social contract
d) ethical contractarianism
22. Aristotelian virtues include:
a) courage, self-control, and friendliness
b) peacefulness, patience, and kindness
c) frugality, humility, and a reflective spirit
d) justice, wisdom, and humor
23. According to Aristotle, one should choose worthy virtues, work toward integrating them into one’s character through habit, thus achieving ¬_____________.
a) eudaimonia
b) actualization
c) phronesis
d) personhood

24. Kant categorizes duties as:
a) pleasures and pains
b) reactionary and voluntary
c) necessary and optional
d) obligations and prohibitions
25. Under the 2004 sentencing guidelines, the __________ are expected to oversee the compliance and ethics program while __________ is/are charged with ensuring its effectiveness within the company.
a) board of directors; top management
b) board of directors; the CEO
c) the CEO; general managers
d) the company’s ethics officer; top management
26. The idea that consumers have the right to safety, right to be heard, right to choose, and right to be informed came from ____________ in ________.
a) Theodore Roosevelt; 1930.
b) The Food and Drug Act; 1906.
c) John F. Kennedy; 1962.
d) George W. Bush; 2004.
27. According to the Executive Ethical Leadership Reputation Matrix, ___________ is an executive characterized as a weak “moral person” and a strong “moral manager.”
a) Unethical leader
b) Ethical leader
c) Ethically neutral leader
d) Hypocritical leader